Implantology

What is a tooth implant?

Implants are spiral root systems used in the jawbone to serve as an artificial tooth root. Titanium is currently the best implant material. It differs from other materials because it is better suitable for sterilization, high mechanical stability (hardness, fracture toughness, flexural strength) and x-ray density. Titanium is bioinert, meaning that there is no biological or chemical interaction between the implant and tissue and the implant material. Consequently, the body does not perceive this material as a foreign body and does not reject the implant. Moreover, the implant surface will fuse with the surrounding bone without forming a separating layer of connective tissue.

Implants are always an alternative therapy when one or more teeth need to be replaced. It does not matter if only one tooth, several teeth, or even all teeth have to be replaced. After an appropriate healing period, the implants are fitted with fixed restorations in the form of crowns or bridges, or they are used to stabilize dentures. 

If a tooth lost, the jawbone inevitably is no longer stimulated at this particular site, which over time leads to bone resorption (disuse atrophy) and a variety of other problems. For example, the mandible (lower jaw) can be become pencil thin and break. In the upper jaw the bone can shrink down to a 1mm.

Implants help to protect and maintain these bones by a natural stimulation and stress.

The ideal time for placement of implants either immediately after the tooth extraction (immediate placement) or after a period of 6 - 12 weeks (delayed immediate implantation). During this period, the regenerative capacity of the bone can be utilized for implant healing. If the tooth is already missing for more than 12 weeks, it often comes to bone loss processes already described above, so that the bone must be rebuild in a bone grafting procedure.

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Topics frequently asked about

Wisdom Tooth Removal · Apicoectomy · Implantants · Detal Occlusion · Malocclusion · Chin Corrections · Rhinoplasty · Aesthetic Surgery ·  Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) · Jawbone Restructuring · Sinus Lift · Sinuses · Blepharoplasty · Facelift · Denture Retention · Dentures · Jaw Cysts · Oral Cancer· Facial Tumor